20 Popular Food In Egypt: A Comprehensive Guide For Foodies

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Egypt is popular for its rich history, stunning ancient architecture, and vibrant culture. But what many people may not know is that it also boasts a diverse and delicious cuisine.

Egyptian cuisine combines Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, and African flavours and ingredients. From savoury stews to sweet pastries, there is something for everyone to enjoy. Egyptian cuisine is one of the most diverse and flavorful in the world.

From the staple dish ful medames to the sweet treat basbousa, we have compiled a list of the top 20 popular food in Egypt that you cannot miss. Whether you are a food lover or want to try something new, these dishes will take your taste buds on an unforgettable journey.

We have studied each dish, including its origin, the ingredients used, and how they prepared it. So come along with us as we explore the rich culinary heritage of Egypt and discover some delicious recipes you can try at home.

Popular Food In Egypt

Top 20 Popular Food In Egypt – You Must Try

Introducing you to the top 20 popular foods in Egypt, this list will take your palate on a delightful culinary journey. Egyptian cuisine offers much, from savoury street food like Koshari and Taameya to delicious desserts like Basbousa and Um Ali.

These dishes are rich in flavour and highlight the country’s unique cultural identity. Whether it’s the succulent Shawarma or the traditional breakfast dish Ful Medames, each dish represents the diversity and history of Egypt’s cuisine.

So come along and explore the deliciousness that Egypt has to offer. Egyptian cuisine is rich and diverse, with many dishes to choose from. Here are the top 20 popular foods in Egypt that you must try:

1. Ful Medames

Starting the day with a hearty and nutritious breakfast is essential for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Ful Medames, a traditional Egyptian dish made with fava beans, olive oil, and spices, is an excellent choice to kick off your morning.

This meal is delicious and packed with protein and fibre, making it satisfying and filling. Ful Medames is a popular street food in Egypt and can customize with toppings such as boiled eggs, cheese, and vegetables.

The creamy texture of the fava beans combined with the richness of the olive oil provides a unique flavour that will leave you wanting more.

2. Tamiya

Introducing the benefits of Tamiya, a popular Egyptian street food made from mashed fava beans and spices, is an effective approach to this heading. Tamiya is a vegetarian and vegan-friendly option that is both filling and flavorful. People often serve it in a sandwich with lettuce, tomato, and tahini sauce, making it a convenient meal on the go.

With its long history in Egyptian cuisine dating back to ancient times, Tamiya has become an essential part of Egypt’s culinary culture. Tamiya is an excellent choice for those seeking healthy plant-based options without sacrificing taste, whether for breakfast or as a snack.

3. Koshari

Koshari is one of the most beloved street food dishes in Egypt, and for a good reason. This hearty meal is a perfect blend of flavours and textures, with rice, lentils, macaroni, chickpeas, and fried onions all coming together to create a truly unique experience. Moreover, Koshari cancustomize to fit various dietary restrictions, making it an ideal option for those with specific needs. Whether looking for a filling lunch or a quick snack, Koshari is a must-try dish when visiting Egypt.

4. Shawarma

Shawarma has become a beloved staple of Egyptian cuisine, its origins tracing back to the Middle East. This street food typically comes with roasted chicken, beef, or lamb and served in pita bread with vegetables and sauce.

Its popularity can  attribute to its versatility and delicious taste. Shawarma shops are present all over Egypt, from high-end restaurants to street vendors. Each region has its own unique take on this dish by incorporating different spices and ingredients, making it an adventure for food lovers to explore.

5. Kebab And Kofta

Introducing the taste of Egyptian cuisine, Kebab and Kofta are two popular meat dishes that have won.These dishes, seasoned with a blend of cumin, coriander, and paprika to add depth to their flavors, come with succulent beef or lamb and delight both locals and tourists alike.You can serve them with rice or bread and garnish them with salads and dips like hummus or tzatziki for added texture.

It’s not just the delightful tastes that make Kebab and Kofta a must-try dish in Egypt; it’s their availability too.You can find these dishes nationwide, from traditional restaurants to street food stalls. Whether on a budget or looking for an upscale dining experience, you’ll never be too far from your next Kebab or Kofta fix in Egypt.

6. Mulukhiyah

Mulukhiyah, a traditional dish in Egypt, is make from jute leaves that are boiled and cooked with garlic. Coriander, and other spices. People often serve this flavorful dish with rice, bread, or meat, providing many health benefits, such as fiber and antioxidants. However, the slimy texture of the dish may not be for everyone’s taste buds.

Despite its acquired taste, Mulukhiyah remains a staple in Egyptian cuisine, with variations across regions and family traditions. The dish has even become popular culture, with references appearing in Egyptian movies and TV shows. Whether you love it or find it an acquired taste, trying Mulukhiyah is an essential part of experiencing the diverse culinary landscape of Egypt.

7. Pigeon

People often consider pigeon, a staple in Egyptian cuisine, an acquired taste due to its unique flavor and texture. However, it is also highly nutritious and rich in protein. Making it a sought-after delicacy during special occasions like weddings or religious celebrations.

Pigeon, a staple in Egyptian cuisine, has a unique flavor and texture that often requires an acquired taste according to people’s consideration. And spices for added flavour. Some restaurants in Egypt specialize in pigeon dishes, offering a unique and authentic culinary experience. For those willing to try something new.

8. Egyptian Desserts

Introducing Egyptian desserts is like opening a treasure chest full of sweet surprises. Egypt’s culinary repertoire includes a variety of delicacies that cater to every taste bud. From the syrup-soaked pastry, Basbousa, to the crispy Konafa filled with cream or cheese, and the creamy pudding Umm Ali.

Their unique flavors and textures have made these desserts renowned. Egyptians have always had a sweet tooth, and they’ve been perfecting their dessert recipes for centuries. In Egypt, indulging in these sweets should be at the top of your to-do list.

9. Baklava

Baklava is a delectable Middle Eastern dessert that has won over people’s hearts across the globe. However, baklava is a treat for those who love sweet and crunchy desserts made. With layers of crispy phyllo pastry filled with nuts and honey syrup.

The ancient Assyrians are said to have originated baklava and prepared it on special occasions. Today, baklava has become an iconic symbol of Middle Eastern cuisine. And prepare in different variations across Egypt and other countries in the region.

10. Feteer Meshaltet

Feteer Meshaltet is a beloved pastry in Egypt, known for its crispy layers and flaky texture. This versatile dish can be a sweet or savoury treat made from simple ingredients like flour, water, and oil.

The pastry’s origins can be traced back to Ancient Egypt, where pharaohs and commoners enjoyed it. People traditionally cook Feteer Meshaltet in a wood-fired oven and typically eat it for breakfast or as a snack with tea or coffee. With its delicious taste and cultural significance, Feteer Meshaltet is definitely worth trying during any visit to Egypt.

11. Baba Ganoush

Introducing Baba Ganoush as a healthy and flavorful dip, this dish is make from roasted eggplants, tahini, lemon juice, and garlic. Like hummus in texture, it is a popular appetizer or side dish throughout Egypt and the Middle East.

The smoky flavour of Baba Ganoush adds depth to any meal and  enjoy by vegetarians and meat lovers alike. With high fibre content and low calories, it’s a healthy option for those looking for nutritious dips. For a delicious snack or starter, try serving it with pita bread or fresh vegetables.

12. Egyptian Fatteh

Egyptian Fatteh is a delicious and hearty dish that will satisfy your cravings. Made with layers of bread, rice, and other ingredients such as chickpeas, yoghurt, and spices, Fatteh has a unique blend of flavours and textures that will delight your taste buds. This dish represents Egypt’s diverse cuisine, drawing inspiration from various cultures and regions. Whether you’re looking for a comforting breakfast or lunch option, Egyptian Fatteh is definitely worth trying.

13. Mahshi

Introducing a delectable blend of vegetables, rice, and herbs, Mahshi is a traditional Egyptian dish many enjoy. This dish is typically made by hollowing out eggplants, zucchinis, or bell peppers and stuffing them with a flavorful mixture of rice and meat if desired.

Served with tomato or yoghurt sauce, Mahshi can be relished as a main dish or side dish. What sets this dish apart is its versatility – it can be enjoyed as a vegan or vegetarian option and customized to individual preferences. It is no wonder that during Ramadan and other festive occasions in Egypt, Mahshi is a staple on the menu.

14. Besarah

Besarah is a delicious and nutritious vegan option enjoyed in Egypt for centuries. Made from fava beans and vegetables, it is a popular dish that can be eaten as a main or side dish. What makes besarah unique is the way it utilizes simple ingredients to create a flavorful and satisfying meal.

The recipe for besarah varies across different regions of Egypt, with some adding spices or herbs to enhance the flavour. Besarah’s affordability and tasty flavour make it an excellent choice for those trying traditional Egyptian cuisine.

15. Alexandrian Kebdah

Alexandrian Kebdah is a beloved street food in Alexandria, Egypt. With its unique blend of spices and variety of meat, it stands out from other Egyptian foods. The dish consists of lamb liver, heart, and kidney cooked to perfection and served with bread.

Many locals and visitors enjoy it with tahini sauce or pickled vegetables. When in Egypt, trying Alexandrian Kebdah is a must for those looking to experience authentic Egyptian cuisine. Its distinct taste and texture make it a favorite among many Egyptians and will leave a lasting impression on your tastebuds.

16. Sayadiyah Fish

Sayadiyah fish is a flavorful dish that originated in Port Said, Egypt, and has become popular worldwide due to its unique blend of ingredients and flavours. The dish consists of fried fish typically seasoned with cumin, coriander, and garlic and served with rice and caramelized onions. Sayadiyah fish is often accompanied by tahini sauce or lemon wedges for added taste.

This dish’s popularity can be attributed to its simple yet delicious taste that highlights the ingredients’ freshness. For anyone visiting Egypt, trying Sayadiyah fish is a must-do experience that serves as an excellent introduction to Egypt’s diverse and delicious food culture.

17. Kanafeh

Kanafeh is a delectable Middle Eastern dessert that has become increasingly popular in Egypt. This sweet treat comprises shredded phyllo dough, cheese, and sweet syrup, creating a unique blend of flavours and textures to satisfy your taste buds. Kanafeh originated in Nablus, Palestine but has since spread throughout the region.

Various types of cheese are common in the recipe, including ricotta or mozzarella.  People often garnish the dish with pistachios or other nuts for added texture. People serve Kanafeh alongside tea and conversation with friends and family during festive occasions like Ramadan. Be sure to try this delicious dessert when you visit Egypt.

18. Umm Ali

Umm, Ali is a popular Egyptian dessert that has gained worldwide recognition for its delectable taste and rich history.  You can customize the dessert with puff pastry, milk, cream, and nuts to suit your individual tastes and preferences.

Ali’s diverse flavours and unique texture make it a must-try for anyone visiting Egypt. Or for people seeking to experience authentic Middle Eastern cuisine. There are various stories behind the name and origin of Umm Ali.

Some believe an ancient Egyptian queen named it. Others attribute its creation to a Muslim noblewoman who served it at a royal banquet. Regardless of its origins, Umm Ali remains a beloved dessert in Egypt and beyond for its rich blend of flavours and cultural significance.

19. Basbousa

Basbousa is a classic Egyptian dessert that has been enjoyed for generations. Made from semolina and soaked in syrup, it has a unique texture and flavour that’s hard to resist. One of the reasons why this dessert is so popular is its versatility – it can be customized to suit individual tastes. You can add coconut or almonds for added flavour, or even experiment with different types of syrup.

Basbousa is often served during special occasions such as weddings and religious holidays, and it’s commonly found in Egyptian bakeries. With simple ingredients and a little practice, you can make basbousa at home and impress your friends and family with your culinary skills.

20. Baked Sweet Potato

Egyptians often enjoy baked sweet potatoes as a snack or side dish, as it is a beloved street food. Baking the sweet potatoes until they are soft and caramelized enhances their natural sweetness, making them a delicious and satisfying treat.

Not only are they tasty, but baked sweet potatoes also offer several health benefits, including being rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They are an excellent source of complex carbohydrates, which provide sustained energy and can help keep you feeling full for longer periods. Overall, baked sweet potatoes are a tasty and nutritious option for anyone looking for a healthy snack or side dish.


Egyptian cuisine is a rich and diverse blend of flavours and influences from various regions. From the aromatic spices used in traditional dishes like koshari and ful medames to sweet treats like basbousa and baklava, there’s something for everyone to enjoy. Neighbouring countries like Turkey, Greece, and Lebanon have also influenced Egyptian food, resulting in a unique fusion of delicious and satisfying flavours.

Whether you are exploring the bustling streets of Cairo or enjoying a meal with family and friends at home, Egypt’s cuisine will leave a lasting impression on your taste buds. However, From wholesome breakfast options like Ful Medames and Tamiya to mouth-watering desserts like Umm Ali and Basbousa, there is plenty of popular food in Egypt. Make sure to try the local delicacies like Koshari and Mulukhiyah, which are popular among locals and tourists alike.

Frequently Asked Questions

1.What Is The Traditional Food And Drink  In Egypt?

Ans: Traditional Egyptian food includes dishes such as koshari, ful medames, and ta’meya (Egyptian falafel), while one of the most popular drinks is hibiscus tea (karkadeh). Other traditional beverages include sahlab (a warm milk drink) and tamarind juice. Egyptian cuisine features many dishes with lamb, chickpeas, and various spices like cumin and coriander.

2.Are There Any Regional Differences When It Comes To Cooking Meals In Egypt?

Ans: Yes, there are definitely regional differences when it comes to cooking meals in Egypt. Coastal regions tend to feature more seafood-based dishes, while inland areas may have more meat-based options. Additionally, each region has its own unique spice blends and flavour profiles.

3.Which Egyptian Dish Is Best Known For Being Salty?

Ans: Foul Medames, a dish made from fava beans, is best known for its salty flavour in Egyptian cuisine. It is typically served as breakfast and can be found at street vendors or restaurants. Other popular dishes include koshari, taameya, and molokhia. Various cultures have influenced Egyptian cuisine, including Turkish, Greek, and Italian.

4.What Are Some Staple Ingredients In Egyptian Cuisine?

Ans: Staple ingredients in Egyptian cuisine include beans, onions, garlic, and tomatoes. Herbs like parsley, cilantro, and dill are also commonly used, along with spices such as cumin, coriander, and cinnamon. Flatbreads like pita and baladi bread are also essential to many Egyptian meals. These ingredients combine to create flavorful dishes unique to the region and beloved by locals and visitors alike.

5.How Does Egyptian Food Differ From Other Middle Eastern Cuisines?

Ans: Egyptian food has a unique blend of flavours and ingredients that set it apart from other Middle Eastern cuisines. Legumes, flatbreads, and aromatic spices like cumin, coriander, and cinnamon are commonly used in Egyptian cuisine. Popular dishes include koshari, ful medames, and molokhia.

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